Here's a look at the fight over Arizona's adoption of the recall. Famously, President William Howard Taft refused to sign the state's Constitution (passed at a 1910 constitutional convention) because it contained a provision that allowed for recall of judges. Arizona removed the provision and it was signed on February 14, 1912. Then, the people added back in the recall of judges provision.
This article notes that one of the major convention delegates was Democrat Jacob Weinberger, later a US District Court judge in San Diego. This article talks about Weinberger's life.