This is more of a continual definitional issue.The Republican State Chairman is pushing to oust Iowa Supreme Court Justice David Wiggins in his upcoming retention election. Three Iowa Supreme Court Justice lost their retention elections in 2010 (the issue for all four was their decision to legalize same sex marriage).
The reason this is noteworthy is that judicial retention elections are frequently referred to as "recalls." This is not a new development. California Supreme Court Chief Justice Rose Bird and Justice Cruz Reynoso and Joseph Grodin were all ousted in retention elections in 1986. However, it is the wrong way to referred to it. Retention elections are mandatory and are a totally different beast that recalls.